Hadith is often referred to as the backbone of Islam. Every religion requires a set of fundamental beliefs and some traditions and principles on how to lead life. Besides acting as religious law, these act as inspiration and guidance for the followers. Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) are the recordings of his words and actions, as recorded or written by multiple narrators. Hadith also elaborates on Muslim’s religious obligations and the right way to perform salutations.
What is Hadith?
To understand the meaning of Hadith, one must know that the term originated from an Arabic word, h-d-th, which means ‘to happen.’ It broadly means ‘to report,’ ‘to give,’ or ‘to speak of. Through Hadith, Prophet Muhammad has shaped the lives of many households. The two reasons behind its legal acceptance are. First, the Prophet acquired a unique status among the followers and believers of Islam, and second, the rapid expansion and acceptance of the religion across geography.
Hadiths in Islam!
Hadiths of the Prophet are nothing but bits of his biography. Hadiths are the recordings of the preaching of Prophet Muhammad; peace and blessings be upon him. They are the moral ground on which the followers of Islam function and work in their day-to-day lives. It is the law of the religion and holds the second authority to the Quran. Its development has an important place in the first three centuries of the history of Islam. It provides a comprehensive glance into the ethics and minds of the followers and culture.
Famous Hadiths of The Prophet (PBUH)
Among several, the following are the six famous hadiths of the Prophet (PBUH) that have a special place in the lives of Muslims:
- “Those people who show no mercy will receive no mercy from Allah.” [Muslim, Al-Fada’il]
This is a hadith on mercy where the Prophet said one who does not believe in compassion could not expect it from Allah himself. In the world, even if a person follows every word of the Quran but cannot forgive small mistakes and be kind towards others, the person cannot be faithful to the religion. A merciful being can bring distinct changes in life and experience a complete change in the perspective of living. If the supreme power can forgive the gravest and heinous sins, then His human followers must be able to show mercy to people around and overlook their mistakes.
- “Wisdom and knowledge are things that the believer lacks. He should take them wherever he finds them.” [Tirmidhi, Al-Ilm; (Knowledge) 19]
This famous Hadith defines the quest for knowledge. In this, the Prophet tried to explain the importance of knowledge and wisdom in life. If a person lacks it, there is no way of changing lives for the better. He emphasized the need to continuously strive for learning and gaining knowledge irrespective of the source. He believed it was the only method for a Muslim to lead a better life.
- “Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the mornings, the nights.” [Bukhari, Fath-ul-Bari]
Abu Huraira narrated the Hadith of moderation in religion. The Prophet asks the Islam followers to follow a religion’s teachings and rituals rather than becoming a bigot. It urges Muslims to use religion in moderation rather than overburdening their shoulders. However, one must not mistake it for giving it all up. Here, the Prophet has explained the harms of overburden and negligence. Either of the two extremes is harmful to a Muslim. Therefore, one must make a conscious choice and keep assessing it to prevent diverting either extremism or fundamentalism.
- “Those who are the means of good deeds are the same as those who perform good deeds.” [Tirmidhi, Al-Ilm; (Knowledge) 14]
One of the best hadiths of the Prophet, this one explains to be a means in someone’s life. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) tried to explain how wrong it is to use people as material and discard them when their function in life or project is over. He addresses followers and asks them to become a means for carrying out a good deed. If one becomes a part of a deed or helps achieve it, that act is as good as performing the stunt. It teaches that it is not always about actions but also about intentions. Muslims must become selfless and opt to be a part of the process that brings joy and happiness to someone else’s life.
- “It is one of the greatest sins that a man should curse his parents.” It was asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! How does a man curse his parents?” The Prophet (SallAllahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) replied, “The man abuses the father of another man and the latter abuses the father of the former and abuses his mother.” [Bukhari]
Abdullah bin Amr (RAA) narrated in this Hadith that it is a sin to abuse anyone in any form. The Prophet believes it to be the greatest evil humanity can easily use another person or their parents. It only shows one’s hatred and aggression towards another being. None of the teachings of Islam supports hate; therefore, the Hadith asks Muslims to give up abusing and change their lives.
- “No father has ever given a child a gift that is superior to good manners.” [Tirmidhi], Al-Birr (Virtue); 33]
The Prophet believed that there is no more excellent gift that parents can give their child other than good manners. Muslims must take inspiration from the life of Prophet Muhammad and imbibe it in their hearts and everyday life. One of the first things a person must do while meeting someone is Salam, the Prophet has emphasized. He was a man who never lied, respected his peers and companions, had dignity, and was kind. This one of the most famous hadiths in Islam urges followers of Islam to be merciful and learn good manners to transform their lives.
Hadith about Umrah in Ramadan
In one of the best hadiths by Al-Bukhari, he narrated that Ibn Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah said that performing Umrah in Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj or equivalent to performing Hajj with me.” The pilgrims receive equal blessings and rewards as the ones who have performed Hajj.
However, one must not equate Umrah during Ramadan to Hajj. It does not fulfill the obligation of the highest pilgrimage in Islamic culture. Umrah during Ramadan does not meet the duty of a Muslim to perform Hajj.
The Umrah in Ramadan Hadith only equates to the rewards at the end of the two journeys, but their significance remains unaltered. If someone has performed Umrah during Ramadan, it does not mean that the person has completed the journey of Hajj. That obligation remains unchanged.